Dunmore Pine Barrens/Gravity RR Preserve (High Rocks)


View from High Rocks, Dunmore Pine Barrens/Gravity RR Preserve

I awoke before 5 am and was soon out the door.  The clear morning skies motivated me as I drove to the trailhead.  My goal was to see the sunrise at a vista I had never been to before.

Dunmore Reservoir No. 1 before sunrise

I parked off the street, next to a gate at the Dunmore Reservoir No. 1 and took a quick photo of the still water with its veil of mist, providing a perfect reflection.  With the help of my cell phone as I navigated my way to the vista, I followed a gated, paved road up the hill with views of Scranton.  Light began to grow across the sky with shades of red and orange.  The gated, paved road ended and I hurried across a meadow speckled with wildflowers, not to mention some deer, and more views.


I mistakenly took a trail to the right, instead of the official trail to the left, and climbed through the forest until I reached a ridge with stunted oak and bedrock slabs.  The moon rose overhead, beginning its descent to the west.  I reached the barrens and enjoyed views just as the sun crested the horizon.  I found a trail that descended to the right and my phone confirmed it was the proper route.  I descended and barely circumvented a massive mud puddle, and soon reached a stunning vista from a towering cliff above Roaring Brook.  According to Google Earth, this place is called High Rocks.  Layers of mist and slow moving clouds hung in the valleys below.  The tops of the plateaus rose just above the mist.  The sunrise cast the cliff in hues of amber and orange.  I could see for about 20 miles across the Pocono plateau.  Off to my right was I-84, a ribbon of concrete through the green forests.  Far below was the silver thread of Roaring Brook.  I could see some rock climbing bolts in the cliff.  As the sun rose, the mist dissipated and the clouds slowly moved across the ridge.  I could feel the heat of the day.  I followed a trail along the crest of the cliff with non-stop views.  This trail descended to an old vista, now grown over, and I followed another trail that looped back to High Rocks.  I did more exploration of the trail along the cliff to the east, to see more vistas.  I was amazed by the beauty of this place.

I returned to the huge mud puddle and climbed to the ridge.  I hiked northeast along the ridge and it was spectacular with incredible views off both sides of the ridge.  In places, there were almost 360 degree views.  Meadows and dwarf oak trees surrounded the trail.   These views easily rivaled those at the nearby Eales Preserve. The trail began to descend and I turned around retracing my steps.

I plan to return to follow the “official” trail to see remnants of the gravity railroad grades and stone bridges.

Non-stop views

Another place of great beauty within miles of Scranton.

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This hike is pretty easy to navigate.  Keep in mind I did not follow the “official” hiking route, which I’ll attempt to describe below.  Coordinates are from Google maps.

  1. I parked here:  41.414494, -75.598228.  This is at the gate.  Parking is very limited here, space for only two cars.  Otherwise park at the lot for the trail around the reservoir, located here:  41.416882, -75.599199.  Hike the loop counterclockwise (right), below the dam, and to Tigue St.
  2. Follow gated Tigue Street to its end, at a meadow with views and wildflowers. 41.410386, -75.596232.
  3. In the meadow, the trail bends left here: 41.409262, -75.592827
  4. Enter the woods with a preserve and trail sign.
  5. Climb through the woods along an old grade, passing other intersecting trails.
  6. Hike to the ridge at 41.410813, -75.573643.
  7. Turn right and hike along the ridge with excellent, non-stop views.
  8. Leave the ridgetop trail to the left. 41.406457, -75.576815.
  9. Descend and hike around a large mud puddle.
  10. Turn right at the next trail intersection, more views.  41.405449, -75.575928.
  11. The High Rocks cliff and vista are located here:  41.404856, -75.575889.
  12. The views are spectacular, rising 600 vertical feet over Roaring Brook.  These are huge cliffs, so be careful at the edge.  I-84 can be seen.  Views are for about 20 miles.
  13. Retrace your steps.
  14. This appears to be a part of the Lost Trails, an ATV trail system.  Hiking is permitted based upon the signs I saw.  I do not know the extent of the Gravity RR Preserve’s boundary. Regardless, this is private land, so treat it with respect. Traffic can be heard from I-84.  The views are best at sunrise or sunset.  Enjoy.

Coudersport Ice Mine and PA Wilds Roadtrip


Tamarack Fire Tower, Sproul State Forest.  See the funnel cloud on the horizon?

We recently drove out to the PA Wilds along Route 6 with the goal of seeing the Coudersport Ice Mine.  We couldn’t have chosen a more perfect day with the heat and humidity.  I love driving out to the PA Wilds, one of my favorite places.  It is one of the largest forestlands in the east, with countless trails, parks, and places to explore.

We reached the scenic town of Coudersport and got a bite to eat.  The Ice Mine was a few miles away, where we drove up what appeared to be a driveway and a small parking area.  The office was a quaint cottage tucked into the woods, making it look like something from Snow White.  Right next to it was a wooden door and sign that said “Ice Mine”.  We paid our $5.00 and the guide told us the mine was dug by someone looking for silver.  Silver was never found, but the mine had the odd habit of filling with ice in the summer.  The digging stopped and the mine was used for refrigeration thereafter.

Coudersport Ice Mine

It is not a mine, but a 30 foot deep pit into fractured rock.  It was remarkably cold for such a warm day, as to be expected.  A wooden platform with an opening offers views of the ice below.  It is believed the rocks freeze over winter, and are still cold in the Spring and Summer.  The air flows between the rocks, settles in the pit, and freezes the humidity.  By Fall, the ice will melt.  This is the only place I know of where ice will form in the summer.  Other places, like Trough Creek State Park’s ice mine and the ice cave in the Shawangunks will only hold ice until late in the year.  The tour is quick and there is not much to see other than the ice below your feet, but it is a unique little spot.  The Ice Mine had been closed for several years, so it is nice to see that it has re-opened.

We then drove south through Susquehannock State Forest, seeing Cherry Springs and the beautiful views from the forest roads.  What a special area.  We drove around the the Hammersley Wild Area, which took a while, but I was also scouting to see if there were any trails.  I noticed several signs for trails going into the wild area.

My next goal was the Tamarack Fire Tower in the Sproul State Forest, one of the few fire towers that can be climbed in PA.  We drove to the top of the mountain just as a fierce thunderstorm shredded the skies.  We sat in the car as lightning blasted around us, with bolts that rippled across the sky and torrents of rain.  The storm eventually passed and we walked to the fire tower.  I climbed it to see amazing views of mist and clouds rising from the valleys and hollows below.  It was breathtaking.  To the south I saw what appeared to be a funnel cloud.  Heavenly light pushed against the dark mass of the storm, illuminating the western horizon.

I inched back down the fire tower and we drove home, ending a wonderful day in the PA Wilds, the best-kept secret in the eastern US.

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Hammersley Wild Area

Lehigh Gorge, Mt. Pisgah, and Jim Thorpe Vistas


View from Mt. Pisgah, Jim Thorpe, PA. 

I recently met up with my friend Mike to hike the Lehigh Gorge.  Our first stop was to see Tank Hollow Vista, which I had been to in the Spring.  The hike this time seemed to go a lot more quickly and we were soon at the vista.  There was a dam release on the river, as the sounds of the rapids filled the gorge.  We saw rafters and kayakers paddling through the rapids far below.  This really is an impressive view, and the hike is easy.  The metallic shades of bare trees and cliffs from my Spring hike were replaced with deep green forests.  We hung out at the vista and thought about going down to Stony Creek falls, but the heat of the day convinced us otherwise.

I had wanted to see another vista on the gorge’s rim, but I couldn’t find a way to access it, so we drove down to Jim Thorpe to climb Mt. Pisgah.  Jim Thorpe is a beautiful town, and was busy as usual, but we soon found the trail up to Mt. Pisgah which offered great views of the Lehigh and the plateaus.  We could also see Glen Onoko and Jeans Run’s glen.  It had been nearly 20 years since I had last been to Mt. Pisgah.  Mt. Pisgah was home to inclined planes and railroads decades ago, and several old grades still exist.

View of Jim Thorpe

We then checked out another view south of Jim Thorpe from a closed bar, and then we saw a sign for one hundred mile views.  We drove up and there was an impressive 100 mile panorama showing Blue Mountain and the Kittatinny Ridge in New Jesey.  The view was from land being sold for a housing development and the view was a marketing ploy.  Regardless, the view was worth it.


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Sunset Hike at the Eales Preserve (Moosic Mountain)


Sunset on the Blueberry Trail

I recently did something I don’t normally do- start a hike in the early evening.  I decided to find a hike with a sunset and walk the trails through twilight, or what hikers call the “magic hour”.  I soon decided on the Eales Preserve at Moosic Mountain, which protects part of a vast heath barren- some of the largest in the northeastern US.  Heath barrens are not barren at all, but harbor stunted or low vegetation due to the soil, climatic conditions, and prescribed burns, which in turn provides habitat for rare species, including two globally rare moths.  The preserve has an extensive network of trails and is famous for its non-stop views.  The perfect choice for a sunset hike.

The View Loop

I’ve been to, and described, the Eales Preserve before.  On this hike I took a different route, and it is the best choice if you want views.  I hiked the following trails:  Bruised Ego, Conglomerate, Stonehenge, The View, Stonehenge, Waterfall, and Blueberry.  For views, the only other trail you’ll want to take is the impressive High Voltage Trail, but that was out of the way for this hike.  The trails aren’t blazed, but are fairly well established.  Most trail junctures have signs, and the trails are also marked with cairns.

Elk Mtn in distance

This route was beautiful and diverse.  There were meadows of ferns and lowbush blueberries, forest of stunted oak and birch, and mature forests with understories of ferns.  My hike also crossed three small streams.  By the time I reached the Blueberry Trail, the sun began to set with swirls of red, yellow, and orange.  I watched the sun melt into the horizon as the birds and crickets called across the vast meadows.  I was surrounded by views.  The clouds were illuminated by the last of the sunlight as the horizon became inflamed with deep reds and oranges.  The moon soon arrived, as well as the stars, as the lights began to glow from the valley below.  A warm breeze swept over the ridge as I hiked alone, into the darkness of night.  A deer leapt across the meadows and I could smell the musky scent of a bear, but I never saw it.  A beautiful hike in a beautiful place. Go there.

Blueberry Trail

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Trail map:

Click to access trail-map-of-the-eales-nature-preserve-at-moosic-mountain-2015.pdf



Indian Caverns, Tytoona Cave, and Fort Roberdeau


Indian Caverns

We recently went on a daytrip to central Pennsylvania to check out a few caves and a Revolutionary War fort. Due to the 90 degree heat, hiking was out of the question, so we headed underground.

Indian Caverns

Our first stop was at Indian Caverns, one of the longest limestone caves in PA, with over four miles of passageways. The caves were fascinating, with a nice combination of tight corridors, and larger rooms.  We saw flowstone, stalactites, stalagmites, and columns.  Native Americans had used parts of the cave to smoke meat, and store food.  Some stones were covered with soot from their fires, and many arrowheads and other tools were found in the cave.  The most scenic room was the Garden of the Gods with many formations in colored lights.  There were also some mineral deposits that glowed with the help of a black light.  The cave is still forming, with dripping water a common presence.  The tour covered almost a mile of the cave.  This will be the last year the cave will be open to tours since it is being bought by the state and the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy to become a bat preserve.

Arch Spring and Tytoona Cave

Our trip brought us into beautiful Sinking Valley where we stopped to see Arch Spring from the road. No trespassing signs prevented us from getting closer.  Part of a collapsed cave, the arch is the only natural bridge in Pennsylvania.  Here, Sinking Creek returns to the surface as a large spring.  Arch Spring is a part of the same cave system as Tytoona Cave.

Arch Spring, PA's only natural bridge

We turned onto Morrow Road and drove to a pull off on the left. A trail led down to Tytoona Cave and its impressive entrance located in a sink where streams disappear into the ground.  In high water, a waterfall forms on the side of the cave entrance.  The sink is a collapsed portion of an ancient cave.  The streambed was dry, and it emerged from the base of a ledge.  We entered the cave and soon heard the sound of running water, which was the underground stream of Sinking Creek.    There were some small side passageways, and a few formations.  It became very dark as I went deeper into the cave and I wished I brought a stronger light.  The sound of water was everywhere and I just walked in the creek.   The walls glistened with moisture.  After walking into the cave for about 500 feet, I turned around.  Apparently, it is possible to hike 400 feet further until the cave ends at a sump, where the cave goes underwater.  Cave divers have explored more of the cave, which has additional chambers, including one with incredible formations, such as the very rare soda straw formations.  These formations have been protected because it is completely inaccessible.  Even cave diving is no longer permitted.

Tytoona Cave

Tytoona Cave is a special place because it is open to the public, accessible, and not commercialized. It offers a superb illustration of karst topography and the worlds that exist beneath our feet.  Please treat it with respect.

Fort Roberdeau 

Our final stop was the re-creation of this Revolutionary War fort, built to protect local lead smelting operations.  It never saw a battle. It is now a county park.  I was impressed.  The fort was quite large, with the logs stacked horizontally since the bedrock was too close to the surface to drive the logs vertically.  The fort held over forty cabins.  It is hard to imagine just how hard life was back then.  The tour guides wore period dress and taught us about the fort and way of life.  There was a reconstructed squared log home that represented the typical home found in the valley generations ago.  A guide in her 80s explained the home to us, saying that it would be a family’s second home after establishing themselves after a few years in the valley.  Despite being dressed in layers of linens and cotton, and a petticoat, she apologized for being underdressed.  Summers must have been hellish for frontier families.

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Location of Tytoona Cave: